I certainly hope so, since today we’ll talk all about how and when to use negative commands in Spanish. FluentU is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. )(No,) No toco la guitarra. © 2020 Enux Education Limited. It's very simple to make verb phrases negative in Spanish. Hear an audio pronunciation. Ella no habla inglés. Verbal “mood” refers to the reality or state of being that’s expressed; the three Spanish moods are the indicative (factual reality, the most common mood), subjunctive (hypothetical or desired reality) and imperative (for imposing direct orders on reality). / Literally, “Don’t tell me!”). Remember that Spanish loves its double negatives! I’m talking of course about simple sentences and simple negation. Please check your email for further instructions. For example, for entrar (to enter), the subjunctive is entren. Ideally, you should study negative commands after you have a good handle on the Spanish present indicative and present subjunctive; from there, things will be pretty easy. So, if you hear an –ar verb conjugated with an –e… ending (-es, -e, -emos, -éis, -en) instead of an –a… ending, and it’s preceded by the word no, that’s a good clue that you’re being told not to do something. We can transform it into a negative form (not agree) adding “no” + “estar” So that’s the final decision of the meeting, are you all in agreement? in front of whatever verb or verb phrase you want to negate. You can hear examples of these tenses as well as negative commands in use on FluentU. In commands, you don’t use the subject pronouns (notice how tú, vosotros, etc. If we give orders, they’re most often orders for the people who are closest to us. To informally express surprise, there are other extremely common conversational interjections that take the exact same form (¡No me ____! So you’ve already shed some tears trying to master the regular and irregular subjunctive present tense? When transforming an affirmative sentence into negative, just add no in front of the verb and you’ll be ready to go: Me gusta Polonia. How often does one say, “Let’s all not do something”? In short, you’re going to need these both for important, urgent situations, and as part of regular conversational Spanish. We’re too classy to specify those words here, but you can use your dictionary to figure them out. 2. The good news is that Spanish negative commands use the exact same forms. You will thus see: NO ESTACIONAR/NO ESTACIONARSE (NO PARKING). (Do you play the guitar? Let’s not wait any longer! Él no es profesor. Why? With this in mind, the second section provides a look at the formation of negative Spanish commands for those who haven’t yet studied the subjunctive. To make a sentence negative, place the word “no” before the verb. (No. Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc, or its affiliates. (Don’t buy it for us.) The subjunctive vosotros form of hacer (to do/to make) is hagáis. So, bailas is how you’d say “you dance.” If you want to tell your friend to not dance, you’d change bailas to no bailes. The subjunctive tú form for hablar (to speak) is hables, so that will be our negative command form as well. When the answer to a question is negative, two negative words are required. For example, with the word bailar (to dance), if you hear no bailes you’re being told not to dance, rather than a statement of fact about you not dancing (no bailas — you don’t dance). Click here to get a copy. Quick Answer. The first thing you need to consider with alguno and ninguno, is that they act as … We also participate in other affiliate advertising programs for products and services we believe in. 1. You can change habla (he, she, you [singular, formal] talk[s]) to no hable, for a polite way to tell someone “don’t talk.” Add a por favor to the beginning or end of the phrase for added politeness. Still, if such a situation should arise, you can take a verb like hacer (to do), put it in the subjunctive form, hagamos, and make a negative sentence: No lo hagamos así. FluentU takes real-world videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks—and turns them into personalized language learning lessons. Download: This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you Learning Spanish becomes fun and easy when you learn with movie trailers, music videos, news and inspiring talks. If you liked this post, something tells me that you'll love FluentU, the best way to learn Spanish with real-world videos. The best way to create a simple negative sentence is to consider the affirmative sentence and put a no in font of the verb. Even if you haven’t yet studied the (admittedly a bit complicated) subjunctive, putting together a negative command is all too simple. (Do you speak Spanish?) Americans (particularly Midwesterners like me) tend to use “please” a lot more frequently than Spanish speakers use por favor, but you can certainly tack it on to the end of your negative commands if you like. You should now have some of the most common negative commands on the tip of your tongue, as well as the knowledge of how to form more of them when people around you need to stop whatever they’re doing. (Should she study the verbs? Still, if such a situation should arise, you can take a verb like hacer (to do), put it in the subjunctive form, hagamos, and make a negative sentence: No lo hagamos así. You can use it any time you want to express surprise, dismay or enthusiasm. ([No,] She shouldn’t study them.) (That’s amazing! The most common mistake I hear from Spanish learners is simply using the indicative present tense instead of the negative command form when they want to tell someone not to do something. )(No,) Ella no los debe estudiar. (And use the conjugation for the same person. These get placed directly before the verb in negative commands, and as usual the order for pronouns is reflexive, indirect, direct (the acronym RID can help you remember). You can see examples of these, plus some of the charming (horrifying) irregularities of the Spanish subjunctive, in the examples above and throughout this post. Remember that object pronouns are used to replace the names of the person or thing(s) receiving the action of the verb. This can result in some amusing misunderstandings. If you’re speaking in second person singular, add that ending for the second person singular.). ([No,] I don’t play the guitar.) We love to make things easy, and the principle of minimum effort is our most famous mantra. (Don’t make so much noise.). In most cases, you simply put the word no. To the Spanish ear, these phrases don’t sound nearly as vulgar as their translations would imply to an English speaker; you’ll hear even nice little old ladies on park benches use them. Don't try to translate the word “do” or “does” to any Spanish sentence. If the conjugated verb is preceded by a pronoun, put no before the pronoun. Alguno y ninguno. Mose Hayward is passionate about music and travel, and thus blogs about the very best portable bluetooth speakers and other basic necessities for the wanderer. They’re great, for example, when you need to order someone to knock off some behavior: But they can also come up in regular conversations when you’re being less overtly bossy: ¡No me digas! I hope so! examples. It’s worth at least being aware of this usage even if you’re not yet ready to tackle memorizing all of these forms yet. These are also conjugated for their tú forms of the subjunctive. español? Negative commands with vosotros (informal second-person plural; “you all”) (Let’s not do it like that.) ¡No te vayas! FluentU brings Spanish to life with real-world videos. You therefore must not say “No digas algo” but rather “No digas nada” (Don’t say anything, literally “Don’t say nothing”). (Don’t tell her/him anything. (From the reflexive verb irse, to go/leave), No le digas nada. can take anywhere. (Don’t leave!) No hablo español. Negative commands in Spanish are for those moments in life when you need to directly tell someone not to do something. 3. Want to Improve Your Spanish? 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